How to prevent the ingress of moisture through the cable of submersible pressure transmitters and level probes?

If you intend to measure the degree of a liquid easily and reliably, most people will do this using hydrostatic pressure measurement, e.g. with a submersible pressure transmitter or perhaps a so called level probe. The characteristic submersed application implicates a maximum contact with the surrounding, mainly water-based medium, respectively to ?moisture?.
Exposure is not only limited by the wetted parts of the pressure sensor housing, but additionally to the complete immersed amount of the cable. Furthermore, beyond your directly immersed level probe parts, the cable, and in particular the cable end, tend to be exposed to moisture as a result of splash water, rain and condensation. That is true not merely during operation, but even more during installation and commissioning, or when maintenance or retrofitting is necessary. Irrespective of the target application, whether in water and wastewater treatment or in tank monitoring, moisture ingress in to the cable ends of the submersible pressure transmitter may appear early and irreversibly with insufficient protection measures, and, in almost all cases, result in premature failure of the instrument.
Formula of moisture in to the cable outlet and from there on downwards into the electronics of the particular level probe must be actively eliminated by preventive actions by an individual. To measure the level with highest accuracy, the varying ambient pressure above the liquid media, that is also ?resting? on the liquid, should be compensated against the hydrostatic pressure functioning on the pressure sensor (see article: hydrostatic level measurement).
Ventilation tube
Thus, it really is logical that there surely is a constant risk of a moisture-related failure because of moisture ingress (both via the ventilation tube and through the specific cable itself) if you can find no adequate precautionary measures. To pay Surprising ?resting? on the media, a ventilation tube runs from the sensor element within the particular level probe, through the cable and out of your level probe by the end of the cable. Due to capillary action within the ventialation tube useful for ambient pressure compensation, moisture can even be transported from the surrounding ambience right down to the sensor.
Thus not merely air, but additionally moisture penetrates into the tube, hence the sensor inside the probe and the electronics around it might be irreparably damaged. This may result in measurement errors and, in the worst case, even to failure of the particular level probe. To prevent any premature failure, the ingress of moisture in to the ventilation tube should be completely prevented. Additional protection against moisture penetration through the ventilation tube is supplied by fitting an air-permeable, but water-impermeable filter element at the end of the vent tube.
bare wires
Not to be ignored can be the transport of the liquid through high-humidity loads across the only limitedly protected internals of the cable, e.g. across the wires, all the way right down to the submersible pressure transmitter. As a respected manufacturer, WIKA uses appropriate structural design to avoid fluid transport, as far as possible, in to the electronics of the submersible pressure transmitter. Because of Treacherous and capillary effects, a guaranteed one-hundred percent protection over the full lifetime of the submersible pressure transmitter, however, is never achievable.
Hence, it is recommended that the cable is always terminated in a waterproof junction box with the appropriate IP protection (e.g. IP65) that is matched to the installation location. If this cable junction box is subjected to weather and varying temperature conditions, it is also recommended to pay attention to a controlled pressure equalisation so that you can avoid the formation of condensation or perspiration water and pumping effects. To handle this technical requirement, as an accessory to a submersible pressure transmitter, it is possible to order a connection box with an integrated air-permeable, water-impermeable membrane.
Ultimately, moisture ingress can occur not only through the exposed end of the cable, but additionally through mechanical damage to the cable sheath or due to liquid diffusion because of improper chemical resistance of the cable material. In the article ?Selection criteria for preventing moisture-related failures of submersible pressure transmitters or level probes? this failure mode is described at length.
WIKA offers comprehensive solutions for your hydrostatic-pressure level measurement. For further assistance in selecting the submersible pressure transmitter most suitable for your application, please use our contact form.
Please find more info with this topic on our information platform ?Hydrostatic level measurement?

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